American Automobiles American Automobiles American Automobiles

1904-1917 Lambert Friction Drive

1955 Nomad 1955 Chevrolet Nomad
1955 Nomads for Sale
Nomad Station Wagons
Original and Restored
1956 Nomad 1956 Chevrolet Nomad
1956 Nomads for Sale
Nomad Street Rods
Numbers Matching
1957 Nomad 1957 Chevrolet Nomad
1957 Nomads For Sale
265 and 283 engines
Fuel Injection

Throughout the entire production time of the Union and Lambert automobiles, a friction change gear and single or dual chain drive to a live axle was used as a final drive to the rear wheels. The change gear mechanism used by the John W. Lambert in his early 1900s automobiles was considered to be very unusual.

Most American Automobiles used a transmission and shaft drive. The Gearless Transmission Co. produced a direct drive friction transmission prior to 1906 in Glen Falls, NY.

It is unknown just how many American Automobiles used a friction drive set up but it is believed to be in small numbers. Here is how the Friction Drive worked!

Power is transmitted from the engine flywheel through three studs set into its web to a three armed spider, holes in the arms of which are brushed with hard fiber and provide a sliding fit on the studs. Keyed into the hub of the spider is a shaft connecting the engine with the driving friction disc.

Gas Engines, Steam Engines and Electric Motors
1909 Lambert Friction Drive

A sleeve capable of being shifted endwise by a ratchet retained foot pedal provides the rear journal of this shaft, which is so mounted within it that relative end motion is not permitted between the two. Since the aluminum faced driving friction disc is keyed to the rear end of this shaft, it is seen that operation of the pedal moves the shaft and disc bodily toward or away from the driven disc and thus provides a clutching or declutching action as the case may be. Between the driving disc and the rear end of the rotating sliding journal box is placed a ball thrust bearing 17 3/4 inches in diameter composed of 51 1/2 inch balls operating between two hardened and ground steel disc.

Gas Engines, Steam Engines and Electric Motors
1909 Lambert Friction Drive Location

The driving disc rotates with the engine shaft in a vertical plane transverse to the length of the car and engages by the above mechanism with the paper built periphery of the driven disc of the same diameter and mounted on a shaft journaled across the car. The paper rim of the driven disc together with the aluminum facing of the driving disc affords as nearly positive engagement as may be had in this type of change gear. The driven disc or wheel is feathered on four keys set into a large diameter tubular shaft carried at its outer ends on Hyatt rollers. Hyatt rollers are also used in the shifting journal just forward of the driver.

Toward the right of the center of the car a spark pinion is mounted on this tubular shaft and drives the enclosed live rear axle shaft through a spur differential by single or double chain. A long side lever working over a ratchet quadrant connects by link with a bell crank, one end of which is forked and engaging with a shifting ring in a grove in the bars of the driven wheel. This serves to shift it toward or away from the center of the driver, thus securing changes of speed and when shifted across the center of the driver a change in rotative direction.

Gas Engines, Steam Engines and Electric Motors 1909 Renolds Silent Chain
The image to left is the popular early 1900s Silent Renolds chain which drove the rear live axle. The chain was 1 1/2 inch in width and was used on most of the later model Lambert automobiles.

The chain was silent eliminating one of the most objectionable features of the chain drive. The rear sprocket had a double flanged wheel. The chain and sprocket had an oil tight and dust proof steel housing

Gas Engines, Steam Engines and Electric Motors
1909 Lambert Touring Car

Find Antique Cars, Collector Cars, 1950s-1960s Classic Cars, 1960s-1970s
Muscle Cars, Hot Rods, Rat Rods, Street Rods and Vintage Military Vehicles!
1900-1929 Antique Cars For Sale
1930-1939 Antique Cars For Sale
1940-1949 Collector Cars For Sale

1950-1959 Classic Cars For Sale
1960s 1970s Muscle Car For Sale

Hot Rods & Rat Rods For Sale
Pro Street & Street Rods For Sale

Collectibles Automobilia For Sale
Vintage Auto Advertising For Sale

Auto Manuals & Literature For Sale
Auto Books & Manuals For Sale
Auto Brochures & Catalogs

1929 Studebaker
Find Auto Related Collectibles, Automobilia, Advertising, Auto Manuals,
Auto Books, Auto Brochures and Vintage Auto Literature For Sale!

Site Navigation

  • HOME - American Automobiles
  • A - Manufacturers
  • B - Manufacturers
  • C - Manufacturers
  • D - Manufacturers
  • E - Manufacturers
  • F - Manufacturers
  • G - Manufacturers
  • H - Manufacturers
  • I - Manufacturers
  • J - Manufacturers
  • K - Manufacturers
  • L - Manufacturers
  • M - Manufacturers
  • N - Manufacturers
  • O - Manufacturers
  • P - Manufacturers
  • Q - Manufacturers
  • R - Manufacturers
  • S - Manufacturers
  • T - Manufacturers
  • U - Manufacturers
  • V - Manufacturers
  • W - Manufacturers
  • X - Manufacturers
  • Y - Manufacturers
  • Z - Manufacturers
  • Electric Automobile Manufacturers
  • Steam Automobile Manufacturers
  • American Cyclecar Manufacturers
  • American Automobiles Automotive Articles

  • Fabulous Tail Fins of the 50s & 60s

    Kit Cars For Sale

    2015 Replica/Kit Makes GTM 2015 Factory Five GTM

    $84,995.00
    End Date: Saturday Oct-21-2017 14:44:28 PDT
    Add to watch list

    1980 Replica/Kit Makes Gazelle deluxe 1929 Mercedes Benz SSK replica

    $3,500.00 (0 Bids)
    End Date: Monday Sep-25-2017 13:06:01 PDT
    Bid now | Add to watch list

    1997 Replica/Kit Makes Jetta Custom paint 1997 Jetta Street/Track day car

    $202.50 (3 Bids)
    End Date: Wednesday Sep-27-2017 6:54:04 PDT
    Buy It Now for only: $10,000.00
    Buy It Now | Bid now | Add to watch list

    1956 Replica/Kit Makes 2 door Porsche 356 Replica ROLLER NO ENGINE/TRANSMISSION/SEATS INCLUDED

    $13,500.00
    End Date: Saturday Sep-30-2017 13:46:54 PDT
    Buy It Now for only: $13,500.00
    Buy It Now | Add to watch list

    1972 Replica/Kit Makes Manta 1972 Manta Kit car

    $20,000.00
    End Date: Monday Sep-25-2017 20:24:17 PDT
    Buy It Now for only: $20,000.00
    Buy It Now | Add to watch list

    1980 Replica/Kit Makes NEED FOR SPEED MOVIE kitcar replica, lamborghini ,ferrari, other makes

    $99,950.00
    End Date: Wednesday Sep-27-2017 6:32:37 PDT
    Buy It Now for only: $99,950.00
    Buy It Now | Add to watch list

    Cobra Kit Cars For Sale

    1965 Replica/Kit Makes 2006 Factory Five Cobra 302 EFI replica kit car

    $31,500.00
    End Date: Sunday Oct-1-2017 5:04:34 PDT
    Buy It Now for only: $31,500.00
    Buy It Now | Add to watch list

    1965 Replica/Kit Makes Shelby Cobra Replica 1965 Shelby Cobra, BackDraft Racing, Superformance, Factory Five, Shelby, Ford

    $52,995.00
    End Date: Thursday Oct-12-2017 7:44:22 PDT
    Buy It Now for only: $52,995.00
    Buy It Now | Add to watch list

    1966 Replica/Kit Makes Custom AC Cobra Replica NO RESERVE 1966 AC CORBRA REPLIC

    $29,997.00 (0 Bids)
    End Date: Monday Sep-25-2017 19:00:00 PDT
    Bid now | Add to watch list

    1967 Replica/Kit Makes Shelby Cobra AWARD WINNING! sexy show car. Overall wonderful shape. NOS system included

    $32,000.00
    End Date: Friday Sep-29-2017 10:47:51 PDT
    Buy It Now for only: $32,000.00
    Buy It Now | Add to watch list

    1965 Replica/Kit Makes 1965 factory five racing, shelby cobra replica, MK3.1

    $39,500.00
    End Date: Thursday Sep-28-2017 10:21:13 PDT
    Buy It Now for only: $39,500.00
    Buy It Now | Add to watch list

    1967 Replica/Kit Makes Shell Valley Cobra 1967 Shell Valley Cobra

    $41,150.00
    End Date: Tuesday Sep-26-2017 11:22:10 PDT
    Buy It Now for only: $41,150.00
    Buy It Now | Add to watch list
  • Home | Site Map | Links | Privacy Policy

    This site is Copyright Farber and Associates, LLC 2009-2012, All Rights Reserved