American Automobiles American Automobiles American Automobiles

The Buick Automobile 1899-1903 & The Buick Manufacturing Company

1929 Buick Roadster 1904-1929 Buick Automobiles
Buick Model 16 - Buick D-45
Sports Roadster - Master Six
1936 Buick Victoria 1930-1939 Buick Automobiles
Buick Series 60 Century Convertible
Buick Street Rods - Pickups
1948 Buick Convertible 1940-1949 Buick Automobiles
Buick Roadmaster Convertible
Buick Roadmaster Riviera
1953 Buick Convertible 1950-1959 Buick Automobiles
Buick Super - Roadmaster
Buick Skylark - Super Convertible
The Buick Auto-Vim and Power Co.
Detroit, Michigan

The Buick Manufacturing Company
Detroit, Michigan

The Buick Motor Car Company
Detroit, Michigan

The Buick was an American Automobile first built by David Dunbar Buick in Detroit, MI.

David Buick emigrated to America with his parents in 1856 at the age of two. When he was 15 he went to work making plumbing fixtures at the Alexander Manufacturing Company in Detroit, MI, rising to become foreman. Also during this time David Buick worked as an apprentice machinist at James Flower & Brothers in Detroit. This was the same firm where Henry Ford would apprentice.

William Sherwood and David Buick acquired the Alexander Manufacturing Company in 1882. By 1889 Buick had invented several items such as valves, lawn sprinklers, water closets and bathtubs. The most famous was a process for bonding enamel to cast iron making the porcelain kitchen sink and bathroom fixtures possible including the toilet. Buick was cantankerous, as well as a dreamer and interests were not really business, he loved to tinker. After amassing a fortune in plumbing business, David Buick the dreamer began playing around with gasoline powered engines then automobiles. He finally sold his half of the plumbing business to Sherwood for $100,000.

In 1899 at the age of 45 David D. Buick founded the Buick Auto-Vim and Power Company. Walter L. Marr, an engineer, began working with David Buick on an OHV engine then an American Automobile called the Buick. The two men were both fiery and hot tempered. Marr quit or was fired two or three times over the next couple of years. Another engineer, Eugene C. Richard joined Buick and the three men developed the OHV engine shown below.

Buick 6.6 Horsepower Water Cooled Engine
Early 1900s Buick 6.6 Horsepower Water Cooled Engine

This engine was offered for sale by The Buick Motor Co. that was located at 416 Howard Street Detroit, Michigan. This was the engine that David Buick had so much interest in producing for the American Automobile market. It was a single cylinder water cooled engine rated at 6.6 horsepower. The bore was 5 inches and it had a 6 inch stroke. The over head valves were two inches in diameter, the crankshaft was 1 1/2 inch, 21 inch flywheel and weights 273 pounds.

This overhead valve engine was an important development. The Buick engine had a more compact combustion chamber and a faster fuel burn rate. It was efficient and because it so efficient it developed more horsepower than other engines it size. Eventually the entire industry would make use of its principle. The Buick engine developed a reputation for power and performance which helped the Buick Motor Company survive the early years.

1901 Buick Two Passenger Runabout
1901 Buick Two Passenger Runabout

The first experimental Buick automobile was built in Detroit between 1898 and 1901. Unfortunately, Buick had no financial sense what so ever and was constantly strapped for money. Buick sold Marr the original car for $225.00 in 1901. David Buick, Walter Marr and Eugene Richard built the first Buick. In 1901 Buick reorganized The Buick Auto-Vim and Power Company into The Buick Manufacturing Company. He tinkered a lot from 1899 to 1903, but did not produce any Buick automobiles commercially.

David Buick was soon deeply in debt to Benjamin and Frank Briscoe, whose sheet metal firm was his major components supplier. In 1903 The Buick Manufacturing Company was reorganized by Benjamin Briscoe into The Buick Motor Car Company. David Buick stayed on for several years there after. The Buick Motor Car Co. passed through the Briscoe brothers to James M. Whiting, a Flint, MI carriage and wagon manufacturer. Whiting moved the Buick plant to Flint, MI but was unable to get the floundering Company off the ground and only six Buicks were sold in 1903.

In 1904 only 16 Buick's were sold and James Whiting was under pressure from his investers to find someone to put Buick in the black. The company's principal asset was the patent on the valve in head engine developed by Buick, Marr and Richard. After testing a new two cylinder engine and the Buick automobile, William C. Durant, founder of General Motors, agreed to undertake the management of The Buick Motor Company. He assumed his new duties on November 1, 1904.

1903 Buick Two Passenger Roadster
1903 Buick Two Passenger Roadster

In the image above Chief engineer Walter L. Marr, left, and Thomas Buick, son of founder David Dunbar Buick, with the first Flint built Buick automobile after a promotional Flint-Detroit round trip. This 1903 Buick was equipped with a two cylinder overhead valve engine.

For additional information on the Buick Automobile!
1904-1909 Buick   1910-1919 Buick   1920-1929 Buick   1930-1939 Buick

Find Antique Cars, Collector Cars, 1950s-1960s Classic Cars, 1960s-1970s
Muscle Cars, Hot Rods, Rat Rods, Street Rods and Vintage Military Vehicles!
1900-1929 Antique Cars For Sale
1930-1939 Antique Cars For Sale
1940-1949 Collector Cars For Sale

1950-1959 Classic Cars For Sale
1960s 1970s Muscle Car For Sale

Hot Rods & Rat Rods For Sale
Pro Street & Street Rods For Sale

Collectibles Automobilia For Sale
Vintage Auto Advertising For Sale

Auto Manuals & Literature For Sale
Auto Books & Manuals For Sale
Auto Brochures & Catalogs

1929 Studebaker
Find Auto Related Collectibles, Automobilia, Advertising, Auto Manuals,
Auto Books, Auto Brochures and Vintage Auto Literature For Sale!

Site Navigation

  • HOME - American Automobiles
  • A - Manufacturers
  • B - Manufacturers
  • C - Manufacturers
  • D - Manufacturers
  • E - Manufacturers
  • F - Manufacturers
  • G - Manufacturers
  • H - Manufacturers
  • I - Manufacturers
  • J - Manufacturers
  • K - Manufacturers
  • L - Manufacturers
  • M - Manufacturers
  • N - Manufacturers
  • O - Manufacturers
  • P - Manufacturers
  • Q - Manufacturers
  • R - Manufacturers
  • S - Manufacturers
  • T - Manufacturers
  • U - Manufacturers
  • V - Manufacturers
  • W - Manufacturers
  • X - Manufacturers
  • Y - Manufacturers
  • Z - Manufacturers
  • Electric Automobile Manufacturers
  • Steam Automobile Manufacturers
  • American Cyclecar Manufacturers
  • American Automobiles Automotive Articles

  • Fabulous Tail Fins of the 50s & 60s

    David Dunbar Buick
    David Dunbar Buick


    1903-1949 Buick For Sale

    46 C Special Convertible Coupe The Best Buick Special 46C Convertibles We Have Seen

    End Date: Monday Oct-1-2018 19:36:19 PDT
    Add to watch list

    1948 Buick Super 1948 Buick Super 8 - Needs Good Owner

    End Date: Monday Sep-24-2018 19:53:45 PDT
    Buy It Now for only: $9,500.00
    Buy It Now | Add to watch list

    Other -- 1933 Buick Sedan 16332 Miles Purple Coupe 502 V8 Automatic

    End Date: Friday Oct-5-2018 20:59:59 PDT
    Add to watch list

    Other -- 1929 Buick Sedan Sedan 350 CID V8 Automatic

    End Date: Friday Oct-5-2018 17:51:59 PDT
    Add to watch list

    1941 Buick Series 40 1941 Buick Sedanette 2dr Straight 8

    End Date: Friday Sep-21-2018 10:52:14 PDT
    Buy It Now for only: $8,500.00
    Buy It Now | Add to watch list

    Other Coupe 1940 Buick Special Coupe Coupe 248 ci 3 Speed Manual

    End Date: Friday Oct-5-2018 17:59:12 PDT
    Add to watch list

    Other -- 1940 Buick Special 39153 Miles Navy Blue

    $5,655.55 (4 Bids)
    End Date: Friday Sep-21-2018 8:50:11 PDT
    Buy It Now for only: $16,989.00
    Buy It Now | Bid now | Add to watch list

    Buick 40 Special 1939 Used Automatic

    End Date: Friday Sep-21-2018 12:12:53 PDT
    Add to watch list


      David Dunbar Buick
    Walter L. Marr

    Buick Books For Sale

    Vintage Buick For Sale

  • Home | Site Map | Links | Privacy Policy

    This site is Copyright Farber and Associates, LLC 2009-2012, All Rights Reserved