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Early Electric Automobile Manufacturers

Around 1900 the American Automobile future was confused. Would electric, steam or gasoline automobiles dominate? One of the earliest and best known American Electric Automobile was the Waverley. The advertisement on the lower right stated it was "By Far The Best Electric On The Market." The Early American Electric Automobiles were not only light and safe but noiseless, odorless, clean, durable, comfortable and simple in operation. Popular American Electric Automobiles include the Baker, Bailey, Chapman, Rausch & Lang, Waverly and Woods.

American Electric Automobile Name / Manufacturers Name

Click on the Blue links below to learn more about these
American Automobile Manufacturers!

Ajax - Ajax Motor Vehicle Co. New York, NY 1901-1903
    A light electric runabout, 2 passenger, with bicycle type wheels.
American Electric - American Electric Vehicle Co. Chicago, IL 1899-1902
American Juvenile Electric - American Metal Wheel & Auto Co. Toledo, OH 1907
    An electrically powered car with seats for 2 children only.
Argo - Argo Electric Vehicle Co. Saginaw, MI 1912-1914
   This electric car used a 60 volt system and reliable Westinghouse motors.
Autoette - Autoette Electric Car Co. Long Beach, CA 1950s
   A small electric car used in retirement communities.
Automatic - Automatic Electric Transmission Co. Buffalo, NY 1921
   A small electric car that claimed a range of 60 miles and 25 MPH.
Babcock - Babcock Electric Carriage Co. Buffalo, NY 1906-1912  
Bachelle - Otto Bachelle Chicago, IL 1901-1902
Bailey - S.R. Bailey & Co. Amesbury, MA 1907-1915
Baker - Baker Motor Vehicle Co. 1899-1916
Banker Juvenile Electric - Banker Brothers Co. Pittsburg, PA 1905
    A small electric roadster that was also a cyclecar built for children.
Barrows - Barrows Vehicle Co. Willimantic, CT 1897-1898
    A 2 passenger, 3 wheel electric with front wheel drive.
Beardsley - Beardsley Electric Co. Los Angeles, CA 1915-1917
    Available in 12 different model, all were light and capable of 28 MPH.
Belmont - Belmount Electric Auto Co. Wyandotte, MI 1916
    Available in 4 & 6 passenger limousines and commercial electric's only.
Berwick - Berwick Auto Car Grand Rapids, MI 1904
    A 2 passenger electric with plenty of brass work, capable of only 15 MPH.
B.M.W. - Boulevard Machine Works Los Angles, CA 1949
    Produced small electric minicars but in 1966 produced a 60MPH electric roadster.
Borland - Borland-Grannis Co. Chicago, IL 1903-1914
    Produced open and closed cars, Powered by GE motors and capable of 22 MPH.
Boston - Concord Motor Car Co. Boston, MA 1906-1907
    Scheduled at the 1907 Boston Auto show, but did not make it.
Broc - Broc Carriage & Wagon Co. Cleveland, OH & Saginaw, MI 1909-1916
    Claimed to reach speeds of 24 MPH with a 1 HP motor and offered several models.
Buffalo - Buffalo Electric Carriage Co. Buffalo, NY 1901-1906
    This company built runabouts and large expensive cars with 75 miles per charge.
Buffalo - Buffalo Electric Vehicle Co. Buffalo, NY 1912-1915
    A rival electric car company to the Buffalo Electric Carriage Co.
Byrider - Byrider Electric Auto Co. Cleveland, OH 1908-1909
    A small 2 passenger electric car that sold for about $1,800.00.
Cantono - Cantono Electric Tractor Co. Canton, OH 1904-1907
    The Cantono was an Italian design but American made automobile.
Century - Century Motor Co. & Century Electric Co. Detroit, MI 1911-1915
    A tiller operated Electric car.
Chapman - Belknap Motor Co. Portland, Maine 1899-1901
    Also known as The Electromobile built by W.H. Chapman.
Charles Town-About - Stinson Aircraft Tool and Eng. Corp. San Diego, CA 1958-1959
    Prototypes looked like the 1950s VW-Karmann Ghia.
Chicago - Chicago Electric Motor Co. Chicago, IL 1915-1916
   This company built enclosed coupes for 4 and 5 passenger.
Church-Field - Church-Field Motor Co. Sibley, MI 1912-1913
   An unusual Electric Car with 20 forward speeds.
Cleveland - Cleveland Machine Screw Co. Cleveland, OH 1899-1901
   Known as a light Electric car for 2 passenger.
Colonial - Colonial Electric Car Co. Detroit, MI 1912
   Built as a closed model and roadster with tiller steering.
Columbia - (Changed names 5 times) 1997-1913
   Produced Electric Cars and Gas Powered cars.
Columbia - Columbia Electric Vehicle Co. Detroit, MI 1914-1918
   Built as a coupelette and brougham and had wire wheels.
Columbus - Columbus Buggy Co. Columbus, Ohio 1903-1913
   This former buggy company built Electric and Gasoline cars.
Crowdus - Crowdus Automobile Co. Chicago, IL 1901-1903
   This Cyclecar had a range of 50 miles per charge.
Dayton - Dayton Electric Car Co. Dayton, OH 1911-1915
   Offered as many as six different models
De Mars - DeMars Electric Vehicle Co. Cleveland, OH 1905-1906
   One distinguishing feature was a single headlight.
Detroit Electric - The Anderson Carriage Co. Detroit, MI 1907-1910
Detroit Electric - The Anderson Electric Car Co. Detroit, MI 1911-1918
Detroit Electric - The Detroit Electric Car Co. Detroit, MI 1919-1938
   The best known Electric car.
Dey - Dey Electric Corp. York, PA 1917
   A 3 passenger runabout.
Dey-Griswold - Dey-Griswold & Co. New York, NY 1995-1898
   A product of Harry E. Day 1895-1898
Eaton - Eaton Electric Motor Carriage Co. Boston, MA 1898
   A light Electric two passenger car.
Electra - Storage Battery Power Co. Chicago, IL 1913-1915
   Driven by a 2 1/2 horsepower motor.
Electra King - B and Z Electric Car Co. Long Beach, CA 1961
   Of small and simple construction.
Electric Shopper - Electric Shopper, Long Beach, CA. c.1960
   A small Electric car similar to the Electra King.
Electro Master - Nepa Mfg. Co. Pasadena, CA 1962 to date
   This Electric car had a 40 mile range.
Electromobile - (see Chapman)
Flanders - Flanders Mfg. Co. Pontiac, MI 1912-1913
Flanders - Tiffany Electric Co. Detroit, MI 1913-1914
Flanders - Flanders Electric Co. Pontiac, MI 1914-1915
   Typical looking electric made in open and closed body styles.
Fritchle - Fritchle Auto & Battery Co. Denver, CO 1904-1917
   The Fritchle Electric had a range of 100 miles per charge.
Gas-Au-Lec - Vaughn Machine Co. Peabody, MA 1905-1906
Gas-Au-Lec - Corwin Mfg Co. Peabody, MA
   This was a Gasoline-Electric automobile
G.E.C. - General Electric Co. West Lynn, MA 1898
G.E.C. - General Electric Co. Schenectady, NY 1902
   Experimental cars, electric and gas-electric made by GE.
General Electric - General Electric Automobile Co. Philadelphia, PA 1898-1899
   A light runabout with light weight batteries.
Grinnell - Grinnell Electric Car Co. Detroit, MI 1912-1913
   Claimed to travel 90 miles per battery charge.
Hercules - James Macnaughton Co. Buffalo, NY 1907
   Made as a 2 and 4 passenger Electric car.
Hewitt-Lindstrom - Hewitt-Lindstrom Electric Co. Chicago, IL 1900-1901
   Produced a light 2 passenger runabout.
Hub - Hub Motor Co. Chicago, IL 1899-1900
   Used 4 electric motors located on each wheel "HUB".
Hupp-Yeats - R. C. H. Corp. Detroit, MI 1911-1912
Hupp-Yeats - Hupp-Yeats Electric Car Co. Detroit, MI 1912-1918
   The motors were built by Westinghouse on this Electric Car.
Ideal - Ideal Electric Co. Chicago, IL 1909-1914
   Built four passenger closed automobiles.
Interurban - F. A. Woods Auto Co. Chicago, IL 1905
   For long tips the electric motor could be exchanged in 10 minutes for a gas engine.
Kensington - Kensington Automobile Co. Buffalo, NY 1899-1904
   The Kensington Co. made gas, steam and electric cars.
Kimball - C.P. Kimball & Co. Chicago, IL 1910-1912
   This Electric car had 2 - 80 volt motors operated by chain drive.
Lansden - Lansden Co. Newark, NJ 1906-1908
   Powered by 3 1/2 HP motors and also known as the Electrette.
Lenox - Maxim & Goodridge Hartford, CT 1908-1909
   The batteries on this Electric Car weight in at 800 pounds.
Marketour - Marketour Electric Cars Long Beach, CA 1964
   A small modern electric car.
Menominee - Menominee Electric Mfg Co. Menominee, MI 1915
   This company made an Electric Cabriolet.
Milburn - Milburn Wagon Co. Toledo, OH 1914-1922
   Also built wagons as early as 1848.
Mobilette - Mobilette Electric Cars Long Beach, CA 1965
   Another modern Electric car.
Morrison - William Morrison, Des Moines, IA 1887-1897
   The first commercially sold Electric Car.
New England - New England Electric Vehicle Co, Boston, MA 1899-1901
   An early example of an American Electric Car.
Ohio - OH Electric Car Co. Toledo, OH 1910-1918
   Crocker-Wheeler motors with 4 speed controllers were used.
Quinby - The J. M. Quinby and Co. 1899-1900
   Very few Quinby Electrics were built in 1899 and 1900.
Parsons - Parsons Electric Motor Carriage Co. Cleveland, OH 1905-1906
   At $1600.00 this was an expensive Electric Car.
Phipps-Grinnell - Phipps-Grinnell Automobile Co. Detroit, MI 1901-1912
   An Electric Car made for about 12 years.
Pomeroy - Pomeroy Motor Vehicle Co. Brooklyn, NY 1902
   A small Electric Runabout.
Rauch & Laun; Raulang - Rauch & Lang Carriage Co. Cleveland, OH 1905-1916
Rauch & Lang; Raulang - Baker, Rauch & Lang Co. Cleveland, OH 1916-1922
Rauch & Lang - Rauch & Lang Electric Car Mfg. Co. Chicopee Falls, MA 1922-1928
   Rauch & Lang was an old established carriage maker.
Riker - Riker Electric Motor Co. Brooklyn, NY 1896-1899
Riker - Riker Electric Vehicle Co. Elizabethport, NJ 1899-1900
Riker - Riker Motor Vehicle Co. Elizabethport, NJ 1901-1902
   First built as a two passenger Phaeton.
Royal and Royal Princess - Royal Automobile Co. Chicago, IL 1905
   This Electric Car went 75 miles on one charge.
Scott - St Louis Electric Automobile Co. St Louis, MO 1899-1900
Scott - Scott Automobile Co. St. Louis, MO 1900-1901
   A light 2 passenger Electric Car.
Standard - Standard Electric Car Co. Jackson, MI - 1912-1915
   Used Westinghouse engines and had a 110 mile range.
Storms - William E. Storms Detroit, MI 1915
   The only known Electric Cyclecar.
Strong & Rogers - Strong & Rogers Cleveland, OH 1900-1901
   A $2,000.00 Electric Car.
Stuart - Stuart Motors Kalamazoo, MI 1961
   A 1960s proposed Electric Car.
Studebaker Electric - The Studebaker Brothers Mfg. Co. 1902-1912
   after 1904 The Studebaker Automobile Co.
Synnestvedt - Synnestvedt Machine Co. Pittsburgh, PA 1904-1908
   Operated with a 40 cell battery and 4 speed controller.
Syracuse - Syracuse Automobile Co. Syracuse, NY 1899-1903
   A very light 2 passenger Electric Car.
Thompson - Andrew C. Thompson Plainfield, NJ 1901-1902
   A light Electric runabout powered by a 1 1/2 HP motor.
Tiffany - Tiffany Electric Car Co. Flint, MI 1913-1914
   The cost of this Electric Car was $750.00.
U.S. Electric - U.S. Automobile Co. Attleboro, MA 1899-1901
   A small number of these were made in 2 and 4 passenger models.
V. E. (V. E. C.) - Vehicle Equipment Co. Long Island City, NY 1903-1905
   This company produced Electric Cars and Commercial Vehicles.
Ward - Ward Motor Vehicle Co. New York, NY 1914-1916
   This Electric Car was priced at $2,100.00 and went 100 miles per charge.
Woods - Woods Motor Vehicle Co. Chicago, IL 1899-1919
   The Electric Car was around from 1899 to 1919.

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    1902 Waverley Electric Automobile
    1902 Waverley Electric Automobile
    Indianapolis, Indiana.

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    Argo - Babcock - Baker - Broc
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    Thomas Edison With a 1913 Electric Automobile
    Thomas Edison With His
    1913 Baker Electric Automobile

    Thomas Edison naturally favored an Electric Automobile when compared to the highly mechanical gasoline powered automobiles. By the 1920s refinements to the gasoline engines brought performance advantages that early electric automobiles could not match.

    1908 Studebaker Electric
    1908 Studebaker Electric

    1909 Baker Electric
    1909 Baker Electric

    1909 Bailey Electric Vehicles
    1909 Bailey Electric Vehicles
    S.R. Bailey & Co. Amesbury, MA

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