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The Garford Automobile & The Garford Company

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The Garford Company
Elyria, Ohio

Arthur L. Garford was in the Bicycle saddle business, an invention that he devised and patented in 1892.

In 1901 he organized the Automobile and Cycle Parts Company, which later took the name Federal Manufacturing Co.

In 1904, Garford resigned as president, disposed of this interest and purchased from The Federal Mfg. Co. its automobile parts plants in Cleveland and Elyria and organized The Garford Company.

1905 Garford Touring Car Parts
1905 Garford Touring Car Parts

Many American Automobiles in the early 1900s were "Assembled Cars" made from parts that were manufactured by company's like The Garford Company. The Garford Company produced rear axles, front axles, transmissions, steering gear, propeller shafts and many other high quality parts for these assembled cars.

In 1905 Garford was approached by Studebaker to supply a chassis for a new gasoline automobile they wanted to produce. Prior to 1905 Studebaker made carriages, wagons and Electric automobiles. Garford began with a 16 horsepower two cylinder chassis, following this with 20, 28 and 30 horsepower chassis equipped with four cylinder engines. The automobiles were called the Studebaker-Garford at first then simply Studebaker. The Garford Company provided Studebaker with chassis up to 1910.

1908 Garford
1908 Garford

In 1908 Garford launched two American Automobiles under his own name. A $3,500.00 30 horsepower Model A and a $4,000.00 40 horsepower Model B. The Garfords were large automobiles equipped with four cylinder engines followed by six cylinder engines in 1912.

1912 Garford Seven Passenger Touring Car
1912 Garford
Seven Passenger Touring Car
1912 Garfors Four Passenger Touring Car
1912 Garford
Four Passenger Touring Car
Click on image above to see full size!

Garford produced a wide range of cars for 1912, two fours and a six cylinder were offered in 19 body styles. Typical specifications included a 120 and 135 inch wheelbase, four cylinder 36 horsepower engines and six cylinder 44 horsepower engines, selective sliding gear transmission with four speed forwards and reverse. Prices ranged from $3,000.00 to $4,500.00.

1913 Garford Cyclops Eye
1913 Garford Cyclops Eye
1913 Garford Touring Car
1913 Garford Touring Car
Click on image above to see full size!

On August 1, 1912 The Garford Company came under control of John N. Willys who bought all the Garford stock held by Studebaker and Arthur Garford then retired. The 1913 Garford had a large single parabolic headlamp sunk flush with the radiator. Specification included a long stoke six cylinder 60 horsepower engine, four speed transmission, 128 wheelbase, 36 x 4 1/2 inch wheels and tires, electric starter, electric lights and speedometer. 1913 was the last year of Garford production. In 1914 Garfords were advertised and sold as Willys-Garford and by 1915 the Garford factory was used to make the Willys-Knight engines for the Willys automobile.

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