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The Gibson Automobile & The C. D. P. Gibson Company

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The C. D. P. Gibson Company
Jersey City, NJ

The C. D. P. Gibson Company built only two carriages, the first using steam and the second using Carbonic Acid instead of gasoline.

C. D. P. Gibson was a well known chemist and mechanical engineer from Jersey City, N. J. Only one Gibson Carbonic Acid Carriage was produced in 1899.

1899 Gibson Carbonic Acid Carraige
1899 Gibson Carbonic Acid Carriage

While the general design of the carriage was attractive, interest in the Gibson in 1899 centered chiefly in the ingenious 32 pound mechanism concealed in the body of this early American Automobile. The Gibson was powered by a horizontal two cylinder engine that developed 12 horsepower and was designed to run on Carbonic Acid Gas. Power was transmitted directly to the rear axle from a nine tooth sprocket of 1/4 inch pitch on the engine shaft to a thirty-nine tooth sprocket on the rear axle. In point of size and power the Gibson carbonic acid engine was certainly a marvel.

The carbonic acid was stored in commercial cylinders made by the Cooper Chemical Company of Newark, N. J. These cylinders were tested by Mr. Gibson to 6,000 PSI and each had a capacity of ten to twelve pounds of Carbonic Acid. The ordinary working pressure of the Carbonic Acid cylinders were between 2,500 and 2,700 PSI.

1901 Compressed Air Truck
1901 Compressed Air Truck

In 1901 a runabout wagon was constructed by C. D. P. Gibson for the Air Vehicle Company, with an air engine weighing but 36 pounds, and with compressed air storage capacity of six cubic feet at 2,500 pounds pressure per square inch, the vehicle, storage and motive power weighing 670 pounds. The working pressure is reduced to 150 pounds through a differential valve, and the air reheated. Thus, a single storage charge would give out one horse power for five hours, and cover a distance of from 20 to 30 miles in such a vehicle.

1901 American Automobile
1901 American Automobile

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