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The Simplicity Automobile & The Evansville Automobile Co.

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The Evansville Automobile Co.
Evansville, Indiana

In 1906 The Windsor Automobile Co. of Evansville, Indiana maker of the Windsor was succeeded by the Evansville Automobile Co.

The Evansville Automobile Co. then went on to produce an American Automobile called the Simplicity. A company also called The Evansville Automobile Co. produced another American Automobile called the Evansville from 1907 to 1909. It is assumed that this was the same company that produced the Simplicity.

1907 Simplicity Touring Car
1907 Simplicity Touring Car

The Simplicity was offered as Touring Car, Roadsters and Limousines. They were equipped with water cooled 24 horsepower four cylinder and double chain drive. The Simplicity may have acquired its name from the simple friction drive transmission used in the Touring Cars and Roadsters from 1906 to 1911. See image below.

1906-1911 Simplicity Friction Transmission
1906-1911 Simplicity Friction Transmission

The Simplicity Friction Transmission was known as the balanced double rolling traction (erroneously called friction) transmission. Two large discs are bolted to flanges forged on the engine shaft, which take the place of a balance wheel. Between these two discs are two driven wheels which operate two countershafts, on the ends of which are sprockets carrying chains to each rear wheel. By a slight movement of a lever these driven wheels are brought in contact with discs; transversely (each on opposite discs) the countershafts revolve, thus propelling the vehicle, and by sliding the driven wheels simultaneously from near the center of the discs to the periphery great speed is attained, while at or near the center great power and slow speed. Therefore any speed could be obtained highest to lowest. By merely reversing the direction of the lever the driven wheels are brought into contact at opposite points, giving the reverse direction of the vehicle the same advantageous features as above. This transmission can also be used in an emergency as a brake, if the driven wheels arc placed near the center of discs, by reversing the lever in the opposite direction from which the vehicle is moving. It was difficult to damage this transmission in any way.

1911 Peerles Touring Cars
1911 Peerless Touring Car

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