American Waltham The American Waltham Mfg. Co. Waltham, MA 1898-1899 The American Waltham Steam Buggy was manufactured by The American Waltham Mfg. Co. of Waltham, MA in 1898 and 1899. The American Waltham was a typical light steam buggy with tiller steering and bicycle type wheels This 1898 American Waltham shown below was equipped with a two cylinder engine. The boiler was made up of 280 tubes and was combined with an auxiliary water tank to maintain the required level. (image page 62) 100 pound working steam pressure could be raised in five minutes from a cold start. The water tank held 12 gallons . The gas tank held five gallons. Total weight of The American Waltham Steam Buggy was only 500 pounds. This American Steam Car is sometimes confused with the Waltham Steam Carriage [link] also made in Waltham, MA about the same time. (Black & White image) ***************************************************** Waltham The Waltham Automobile Co. Waltham, MA 1898-1900 The Waltham Steam Carriage was made by The Waltham Automobile Co. of Waltham, MA in 1898 and 1900. The Waltham steamer was a typical New England runabout designed by John Piper and George Tinker. The Waltham was equipped with a two cylinder engin, single chain drive and tiller steering. The prototype was built in the bicycle factory of the Waltham Manufacturing Co. There was no connection between these two company’s. Another steam car made in Waltham at the same time was the American Waltham [link] (Red book image page 43) (black and white image) ************************************************************* Binney-Burnham The Binney & Burnham Co. Boston, MA 1901-1902 The Binney-Burham was an American Steam Car built by The Binney & Burnham Company of Boston, MA in 1901 and 1902. Two models of the Binney-Burnham were available. A four passenger model had a folding front seat and a two passenger without. Tiller steering was done from the rear seat on the four passenger model This 1902 Steam Runabout shown below was equipped with a two cylinder side valve link motion engine of 2 and 3 inch bore and stroke. A 48 gallon tank supplied water to a 17 inch water tube boiler working at 150 psi supplied steam. The fuel tank held 14 gallons of gasoline. (image on page 66) The maker of the Binney-Burnham claimed “It climbs steep grades at a very fast pace and will stand much abuse on hard roads.” Other features included 3 inch tires on 30 inch wood wheels, a burner of special design, inclosed differential, McNutt steering gear and double acting handbrake. ************************************************************* Boss The Boss Knitting Machine Works Reading, PA 1903-1907 The Boss Steam Carriage was made by The Boss Knitting Machine Works of Reading, PA from 1903 to 1907. Advertised as “a model of simplicity, safety, durability and comfort” the Boss Steamer was offered at $1,000.00. Two Boss models were available, one a four passenger model B with a Dos-A-Dos seat and two passenger model D Runabout with a top. (image page 67) The Boss was equipped with a two cylinder seven horsepower engine fed from a 17 inch boiler with 525 tubes tested to 700 PSI. Working pressure was 150 psi. The water tank provided 15 gallons of water enough for 150 to 200 miles. Fuel could be either gasoline or kerosene provided by a 15 gallon tank. The pilot burner kept up a constant head of steam for a quick start. (Image page 65 red book) ********************************************************** Brecht The Brecht Motor Car Corp. St. Louis, MO 1901-1903 The Brecht Motor Car Corp. built this American Steam Car in St. Louis, Missouri from 1901 to 1903. The Brecht was available in four body styles as well as the delivery wagon shown below. Prices ranged from $1,200.00 to $1,775. The Brecht Motor Car Corp. built both steam car and electric cars at their factory in St. Louis. The four passenger Dos-a-Dos show below was equipped with a five horsepower two cylinder vertical double acting reversible engine. (image on page 58) The boiler held 402 copper tubes with a heating area of 60 square feet and had a working pressure of 210 psi. Water and gas tanks held 38 and 7 gallons. The Brecht weighted in at 1,100. The Brecht Motor Car Corp. also offered for sale just running gear and bodies suitable for both steam and electric motors. In 1903 the firm was forced to sell due a lack of capital. H. F. Borbein and Company purchased the complete stock of steam cars, parts, tools and machinery. (image of delivery wagon page 68) The Brecht fancy steam delivery wagon seen above was equipped with a 12 horsepower steam engine and the same boiler as the passenger cars. With a larger water tank of 67 gallons and more fuel this delivery wagon could run all day at 10 to 15 MPH. Price was $1,775.00. **************************************************************** Capitol The Capitol Auto Company Washington, DC 1902 Justifying its name in appearance and not in performance, the 1902 Capitol Chariot as one of many steamers that failed to make the grade in the early 1900s. The Capitol had more lavish curves than most light steamers of the period and was priced at $1,200.00. Powered by a two cylinder double acting engine with a bore of 2 bore and 3 inch stroke. The Capitol engine was rated at six horsepower. Drive was by chain to the rear axle. (image page 70) Working steam pressure was 160 psi supplied from a 34 gallon water tank. Eight gallons of gasoline was carried. Total weight of this American Steam Car was 1,200 pounds. Other features included a Kelly burner, wood wheels and solid rubber tires. *************************************************** Century Century Motor Vehicle Co. Syracuse, NY 1899-1903 An Incline shaft drive to the rear axle was an unusual feature of this American Steam Car called the Century. The Century was built by The Century Motor Vehicle Co. of Syracuse, NY in the late 1800s and early 1900s. The Steam engine was a two cylinder vertical marine type that developed almost 5 horsepower. The Century could maintain 25 MPH at 175 psi of steam made in its water tube boiler. (image from page 71) Claimed to be of “Ample Strength and Durability” the Century has double shoe brakes and a burner pilot light for quick starts and stops. The price of a Century with Victoria top shown above was $950.00. In 1903 The Century Motor Vehicle Co. began making the Tourist a gasoline powered American Automobile. ********************************************************** Clark, The Edward S. Clark Automobiles Dorchester, MA 1900-1909 After several years of experimental work in Boston, MA Edward S. Clark began production of this American Steam Car in Dorchester, MA in 1900. The Clark was a very expensive Steamer at $5,000 for a 1904 model. However, prices did come down to $2,500.00 which was still $1,000 more than he average Steamer. Early Clark Steamers were equipped with a four cylinder horizontal double opposed steam engine that produced 20 horsepower with a bore of 2 inches and a stroke of 3 inches. Flash tube boiler was located under the hood and consisted of 360 copper tubes and built up a working pressure of 150 psi. (small image from page 73) In its final year of production was the model LXX Clark Steamer of 1909 shown below. Complete with rakish fenders and tonneau body seating four this 1909 Clark weighed in at 1,850 pounds. (larger image from page 72) This 1909 Clark was equipped with a four cylinder 3 inch bore and a 3 stroke horizontal opposed engine that also developed 20 horsepower. The flash boiler had a working pressure of 750 pounds per square inch which was unusually high. One unusual feature for a Steam Car was a two speed sliding gear transmission which relayed power through a drive shaft to a floating rear axle. ********************************************************* Coats The Coats Steam Motors Co. Sandusky, Ohio 1922-1923 The Coats Steam Car entered the market with a lot of optimism and great promise which was not fulfilled. George A. Coats was the driving force behind his Coats Steam Motors Co. Two body styles, a Touring Car and a three passenger Roadster were offered at $1,085.00. The Coats Touring Car had a 112 inch wheelbase. Advertising claimed “remarkable pick-up and smoothness of operation, together with a hill climbing capacity far ahead of any gas car of equal rated horsepower.” (Image on page 74) The Coats Steamer used an unusual engine designed by George A. Coats. This engine had three cylinders, with a 3 1/8 inch bore, 4 inch stroke, four bearing crankshaft and was rated at 35 horsepower. Other features included a two speed transmission with reverse, a simi-flash type boiler, capable of 600 pound of steam pressure and could produce a full head of steam in 60 seconds. The Coats engine was also unusual in that no gearshift, no pilot light and no flywheel were used.