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The Union Automobile & The Union Automobile Co.

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The Union Automobile Co.
Union City, IN

The Union Automobile Co.
Anderson, IN

The very first of several American Automobiles called the Union was built in Union City, IN and designed by John W. Lambert. Lambert also owned the Buckeye Manufacturing Co. of Anderson, IN where he made carriage and buggy parts.

1903 Union Automobile
1903 Union Automobile

He also owned the Lambert Gas and Gasoline Engine Company also located in Anderson, IN. The Union was built as a two passenger carriage with a collapsible front seat which enabled it to be converted into a four passenger automobile. The wheelbase was 72 inches. A five passenger Tonneau model was made in 1904 and 1905.

1902 Union Automobile
1902 Union Automobile
1902 Union (Lambert) Engine
1902 Union (Lambert) Engine

The Lambert engine was a water cooled 8 horsepower four cycle double opposed cylinder engine shown above. A friction disk change speed gear transmission is used with the flywheel of the engine used as the friction surface. Other features include a gas tank behind the seat, 125 mile fuel capacity, dry battery, magneto, steel artillery wheels - 34 inches, 3 1/2 inch tires, Kerosene lamps and steering by tiller.

1902 Union Automobile Co. Advertisement
1902 Union Automobile Co.
1903 Union Automobile Co. Advertisement
1903 Union Automobile Co.
Click on image above to see full size!

The 1904 tonneau was equipped with a 10 horsepower engine. In 1905 most Union production was moved to Anderson, IN where the engines were made. Production of the 1905 tonneau was with either a new Lambert 12 horsepower or 16 horsepower engine. Both were equipped with a specially designed Lambert transmission.

1902 Union Automobile Co. Advertisement
1904 Union Automobile Company Advertisement

1891 Lambert Three Wheeler
1891 Lambert Three Wheeler
Lambert's first attempt was an experimental three wheeler in 1891.

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